Partial or full dentures can be used, depending on the patient's individual needs. Partial dentures are created when some of the patient's natural teeth remain. Full dentures are used when a patient has no natural teeth remaining.
There are two types of full dentures.
Conventional full dentures
This appliance is created after all the natural teeth are removed from a patient’s mouth. It is not until the mouth and gum tissue have had sufficient time to heal that the denture is placed. Since the healing process can take months, the patient could be without teeth the entire period.
Immediate full dentures
In this application, measurements are taken in advance and the denture is fabricated before the natural teeth are removed. When the appliance is ready, the natural teeth are pulled and the dentures are placed in the mouth. The benefit to this treatment is the patient is not without teeth for an extended period. Follow-up visits will needed by the patient so the dentist can re-fit the denture if the jawbone has slightly changed shape as the mouth heals. Dentures usually need to be tightened as the jaw heals.
A partial is used when some natural teeth remain. A partial denture is similar to a bridge, but a partial denture is not a permanent fixture in your mouth.
Patience is required by patients as they adjust to dentures. The flesh-colored base of the appliance is placed over the gum and patients often complain that the denture is too bulky and there isn’t enough room for the tongue. Patients often complain the denture is loose and doesn’t fit correctly. Over time, the mouth grows accustomed to the denture and it becomes a natural part of the mouth.
Dentures are cared for like natural teeth. The denture is removed from the mouth and brushed to remove plaque and food particles. After the denture is brushed, it should be placed in room temperature water or a denture cleaning solution.
Hot water should never be used because it can warp the denture. Handle a denture with care. It’s a delicate appliance and patients should never attempt to adjust a denture at home. All adjustments should be done by a dentist.